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The Outline of my book on the History of Christian Apologetics

HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN APOLOGETICS

Table of Contents
  1. Dedication
  2. Acknowledgements
  3. Preface
  4. Table of Contents
  5. Introduction
    1. The purpose of this course
    2. What is Apologetics?
    3. Survey of the History of the Church
  6. The Apostolic Period: The Apostles and the Early Church (c. 33-100 A. D.)
    1. The social, historical, religious and intellectual context of this period
                                                              i.      Politics
                                                            ii.      Intellectual and Religious Influences
                                                          iii.      Socio-cultural pressures
    1. The Apostle Paul
                                                              i.      Overview of the Life and ministry of the Apostle Paul
                                                            ii.      The Apologetical Approach of the Apostle Paul
1.      The Epistles of Paul and Apologetics
2.      The Apologetical Method, and the Apologetical Arguments, of the Apostle Paul
3.      Paul’s defense of the Resurrection
    1. The Apostle Peter
                                                              i.      Overview of the Life and ministry of the Apostle Peter
                                                            ii.      The Apologetical Approach of the Apostle Peter
    1. The Apostle John
                                                              i.      Overview of the Life and ministry of the Apostle John
                                                            ii.      The Apologetical Approach of the Apostle Jean
    1. Luke
                                                              i.      Overview of the Life and ministry of the Apostle Luke
                                                            ii.      The Apologetical Approach of the Luke
    1. The Deacon Stephen
                                                              i.      Overview of the Life and ministry of Stephen
                                                            ii.      The Apologetical Approach of Stephen
    1. Philip the Deacon
  1. The Patristic Period: 100- 450 A.D.
    1. The Socio-intellecto-cultural context in the
                                                              i.      Politics
1.      The Persecutions of the Christians, and the Roman Empires, from 100-300
2.      Important events on the socio-political level
                                                            ii.      The Intellectual and Religious Influences
1.      The first 4 ecumenical councils of the church
    1. Aristides (c. 100-180 A.D.)
                                                              i.      Biographical notes on his life and notes on his work
                                                            ii.      The Apologetical Approach of Aristides
1.      Overview of the text
2.      The overall argument, and the sub-arguments, of the Apology
3.      Some Observations on the Apology
    1. Justin Martyr (c. 103-165 A.D.)
                                                              i.      His life and writings
                                                            ii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
    1. Irenaeus (c. 120-203 A.D.)
                                                              i.      His life and writings
                                                            ii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
    1. Tertullian (c. 160-225 A.D.)
                                                              i.      His life and writings
                                                            ii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
1.      The Apologetic Against the Pagans
2.      Contre Praxéas or On the Trinity
3.      Prescription against the Heretics
    1. Athanasius (c. 295-373 A.D.)
    2. The Cappadocian Fathers
                                                              i.      Basil of Caesarea (c. 329-379 A.D.)
                                                            ii.      Gregory of Nazianzus (c. 329-389 A.D.)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
a.       Sermon on Theology
b.      First sermon on the Son
c.       Second sermon the Son
                                                          iii.      Gregory of Nyssa (c. 331-395 A.D.)
    1. John Chrysostom (c. 347-407 A.D.)
                                                              i.      His life and writings
                                                            ii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
    1. Augustine (c. 354-430 A.D.)
                                                              i.      His life and writings
                                                            ii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
1.      The Pelagian Heresy and Augustine’s Response
2.      Against the Skeptics
3.      Demonstrating the Existence of God
  1. The Medieval Period: 450-1500 A.D.
    1. The socio-intellecto-cultural in the Medieval Period
                                                              i.      The Intellectual and Religious Influences
1.      The Arrival of Islam
2.      The last 4 Ecumenical Councils
3.      The Scholastics and the Universities
4.      The Philosophical Influences
5.      Scientific Influences
6.      Other Important Thinkers
                                                            ii.      The Socio-cultural Influences and Pressures
    1. Boethius (c. 480-524 A.D.)
                                                              i.      His life and writings
                                                            ii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
    1. John of Damascus (c. 675-749 A.D.)
                                                              i.      His life and writings
                                                            ii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
    1. Anselm (1033-1109)
                                                              i.      His life and writings
                                                            ii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
    1. Thomas d’Aquin (1225-1274)
                                                              i.      His life and Writings
                                                            ii.      The Principal writings of Thomas Aquinas
                                                          iii.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
1.      Faith, Reason, Knowledge, Theology and Philosophy
2.      The Apologetic method of Thomas Aquinas
3.      The Five Ways of the Summa Theologiae
4.      Thomas Aquinas on Islam
  1. The Modern Period : Reformation and Post-Reformation Apologetics (1500-1800)
    1. The socio-intellecto-cultural context of the Modern Period
                                                              i.      The Intellectual and Religious Influences
1.      A Philosophical Reform
2.      The “Renaissance”
3.      The Protestant Reform
4.      The Scientific “Revolution”
                                                            ii.      The Socio-Cultural Pressures
1.      The Artistic Renaissance
    1. The 1500-1600s A.D.
                                                              i.      Pietro Martyr Vermigli (1500-1562)
                                                            ii.      John Calvin (1509-1564)
1.      His Life and Writings
a.       Overview of his life
b.      Overview of his education and important writings
c.       Those who influenced Calvin, and those he influenced
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
a.       What Calvin means by « Knowledge of God »
b.      The possibility of natural knowledge of God
c.       The Sources of natural human knowledge of God
d.      The Content of natual human knowledge of God
e.       What humans do with this natural knowledge (or, the effect of this natural knowledge on man)
f.        Conclusion
                                                          iii.      Girolamo Zanchi (1516-1590)
    1. The 1600-1700s A.D.
                                                              i.      The Philosophical Context
                                                            ii.      The Socio-culturelle Context
                                                          iii.      Hugo Grotius (1584-1645)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                          iv.      René Descartes (1596-1650)
                                                            v.      Francis Turretin (1623-1687)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
a.       What is Natural Theology (its nature and object)?
b.      Can humans do Natural Theology?
c.       The relationship between Natural Theology and the articles of faith
d.      The uses and limitations of Natural Theology
e.       The effects of Natural Theology
                                                          vi.      Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                        vii.      Charles Leslie (1650-1722)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
    1. The 1700-1800s A.D.
                                                              i.      The Philosophical Context
                                                            ii.      Thomas Sherlock (1678-1761)
                                                          iii.      Joseph Butler (1692 -1752)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                          iv.      Gilbert West (1703-1756)
                                                            v.      William Adams (1706-1789)
                                                          vi.      George Lyttleton (1709 – 1773)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                        vii.      George Campbell (1719-1796)
                                                      viii.      Richard Watson (1737-1816)
                                                          ix.      William Paley (1743-1805)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
  1. The Contemporary Period (1800-Present)
    1. The socio-intellecto-cultural context of the Contemporary period
    2. The 1800-1900s A.D.
                                                              i.      Thomas Chalmers (1780-1847)
                                                            ii.      Simon Greenleaf (1783 – 1853)
                                                          iii.      Richard Whately (1787 – 1863)
                                                          iv.      John James Blunt (1794-1855)
                                                            v.      Thomas Cooper (1805-1892)
                                                          vi.      Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)
1.      His Life and Writings
2.      His Thought and Christian Apologetics
a.       Kierkegaard and Existentialism
b.      Kierkegaard and Philosophy
c.       Kierkegaard and Apologetics
                                                        vii.      Stanley Leathes (1830-1900)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                      viii.      Theodor Christlieb (1833-1889)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                          ix.      Abraham Kuyper (1837-1920)
                                                            x.      Sir Robert Anderson (1841-1918)
    1. The 1900s-2000 A.D.
                                                              i.      The Philosophical Context
                                                            ii.      Benjamin B. Warfield (1851-1921)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                          iii.      G. K. Chesterton (1874-1936)
                                                          iv.      J. Gresham Machen (1881-1937)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
a.       The Necessity of Apologetics
b.      The Existence of God
c.       The gods of the pagan myths and the Jesus of History
                                                            v.      Dirk H. Th. Vollenhoven (1892-1978)
                                                          vi.      Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977)
                                                        vii.      Cornelius Van Til (1895-1987)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                      viii.      C. S. Lewis (1898-1963)
1.      His Life and Writings
a.       His Family and Youth
b.      His Education
c.       His life from the end of his studies to his death
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
    1. Living Apologists
                                                              i.      John Warwick Montgomery (1931 - present)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                            ii.      Norman Geisler (1932 - present)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
3.      Advice for young apologists
                                                          iii.      Richard Swinburne (1934 - present)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
3.      Advice for young apologists
                                                          iv.      William Lane Craig (1949 - present)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                            v.      Gary Habermas (1950 - present)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
3.      Advice for Young Apologists
                                                          vi.      Douglas Groothuis (1957 - present)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
                                                        vii.      Paul Copan (1962 - present)
                                                      viii.      Tim McGrew (1965 - present)
1.      His life and writings
2.      A Consideration of his apologetic method and his defense of Christianity
3.      Advice for young Apologists
                                                          ix.      Guillaume Bignon (1981 - present)

  1. Bibliography

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