Showing posts from January, 2014


I don’t propose to attempt any sort of reply to Martin Heidegger in this article. The purpose of this article is to explain Martin Heidegger’s thoughts, as they are found in the book, Identity and Difference. Martin Heidegger is a difficult thinker to understand, and requires a lot of work to fully appreciate his arguments. My primary goal in this article is to introduce the reader to two very important articles written by Heidegger, and, I hope, to properly explain Heidegger’s views on Being and beings.
            This book is composed of two articles written by Martin Heidegger and translated with an introduction by Joan Stambaugh. The first article, The Principle of Identity, is “the unchanged text of a lecture given on the occasion of the 500th anniversary of the University of Freiburg im Breisgau, for the faculty day on June 27, 1957.”[1] The second article The Onto-theo-logical Constitution of Metaphysics, is “the explication that concluded a seminar during the wint…


A thought I just had as I am studying Van Til's "The Defense of the Faith".
There is an inverse proportion between what is most knowable in itself, and what is easiest for man, by nature, to know. One of the essential differences between classical apologetics and presuppositional apologetics is that classical apologetics begins with what is easiest for man, by nature, to know, and seeks to bring man to that which can be known by man of that which is most knowable in itself; presuppositional apologetics begins by claiming that one must presuppose that that which is most knowable in itself is true in order to truly know that which is easiest for man, by nature, to know, and then seeks to show man that even those things which are easiest for him to know only get their truest "meaning" when understood in light of that which is most knowable in itself.

Though there may be some major difficulties with one (or both) of these approaches, it is important to note that they…


Perspectives on the Ending of Mark: 4 views. Edited by David Alan Black. Nashville, TN: B&H Academics, 2008. 145 pp. $19.99. ISBN 978-080544762-0.
            Biblical apologetics could be described as the act of giving a defense of the Christian scriptures. In order to give a reasoned critique of the Christian scriptures one needs to understand the methods, issues, and arguments surrounding the study of the biblical manuscripts, both interior and exterior critiques. One of the most important issues for the defense of the canonical Gospels is the question of the ending of the Gospel of Mark. Most textual issues have to do with word variation, or the occasional phrase, but with the Gospel of Mark we are dealing with textual variants which bring into question the entire ending of Marks Gospel (16:9-20). Of course the amount of reading that would be necessary to understand the issues is enormous, that it is important for anyone who wishes to begin researching these subjects to have ac…

A KIERKEGAARDIAN LOOK AT MODERN APOLOGETICS: A Book Review of The End of Apologetics by Myron Penner

The End of Apologetics: Christian Witness in a Postmodern Context. Myron Bradley Penner. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2013. 180 pp. $16.60. ISBN 978-0-8010-3598-2.
            Christian apologetics, broadly defined, is the defense of the truth of Christianity. In this definition there are three terms that need further elaboration: defense, truth, and Christianity. The vast majority of faithful Christian witnesses throughout the history of the Christian church have understood this definition of Christian apologetics as referring to the demonstration (in action and speech) of the truth (broadly understood as the notion that the truth claims of Christianity, which include claims that can be analysed by the historian, archaeologist, theologian and philosopher, when put to the test will be found to accurately reflect both past history and present reality) of Christianity (the sum total of beliefs that are believed by Christians and which affect their lives, intellects and understanding…

Quelques Conclusions en Rapport avec l'Appel de Dieu dans le Nouveau Testament

L’appel des Apôtres et l’appel des Croyants
Ce que le Nouveau Testament enseigne au sujet de l’appel
            Le mot appel (gr. κλητὸς) a comme sens de base, d’être invité. C’est un mot qui est utilisé en rapport avec une invitation à un souper. Par exemple, si je t’invite chez moi pour un souper, alors tu as reçu un appel (gr. κλητὸς). Donc, la notion d’appel implique, implicitement, la possibilité de refusé l’invitation. Si je t’invite pour souper tu as reçu un appel, tu pourrais toujours décliner parce que tu es occupé, ou tu sais que je ne cuisine pas bien. Donc, le mot appel (gr. κλητὸς) implique une invitation et la possibilité de l’accepté ou de le refuser. Avec cette notion nous pouvons, maintenant, regarder les écritures.
Quand on examine ce que le Nouveau Testament enseigne au sujet de l’appel on voit que ce terme est utilisé quasiment toujours pour parler d’une invitation, de l’action d’invité quelqu’un, ou du fait d’être nommé ou appelé quelque chose. (Pour voir les texte…