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Showing posts from May, 2012

SOME THOUGHTS ON GENDER AND WHETHER IT IS RIGHT TO CHANGE IT

There has been a lot of attention given, recently, to the issue of gender transformation. For example, men change their bodies to become women, and vice versa. As such, it is good to ask the question, is it morally acceptable to change one’s gender? However, in order to answer this question, we need to ask, at least, four preliminary questions. First of all, what is gender? Secondly, Is it actually possible to change gender? Thirdly, is this a question for the natural sciences, specifically biology and the medical sciences, or is it a question for moral philosophy? The final question that needs to be asked, prior to any discussion of the morality of gender changing, is, What is the foundation for human morality? In this article I will address each of these questions in turn, and will finish with an argument which seems to demonstrate that changing one’s gender is immoral. There are other issues that, though not essential to the topic that we will consider, are connected. …

Un Bref Pensée sur la Modestie

Dans les milieux chrétiens, au moins, la question de la modestie est souvent le sujet de vifs débats. En partie à cause des textes comme 1 Timothée 2:9-10 et 1 Pierre 3:1-6, et en partie à cause de la notion que la femme devrait porter attention à ce qu’elle ne s’habille pas d’un façon qui va être un source de tentation pour les hommes.[1] Le débat, pour une raison inconnue, tourne presque toujours autour de la fameux question: Est-il correct pour une fille de porter un bikini? J'ai été impliqué dans de nombreuses discussions à ce sujet, et j'ai toujours été un peu troublé par la tendance inhérente à plusieurs personnes dans le débat de mettre en place, comme une règle infaillible, qu'il est toujours, et en toute circonstance, pas honorable devant Dieu pour une femme de porter un bikini. Cette affirmation est, bien entendu, la même chose que de dire que c'est un péché de porter un bikini. Il s'agit d'une revendication inquiétant parce que c'est l…

A THOUGHT ON MODESTY

In Christian circles, at least, the question of modesty is one that is frequently the topic of hot debate. The debate, for some unknown reason, almost always turns around the following question: Is it alright for a girl to wear a bikini? I have been involved in many such discussions, and I have always been a little disturbed by the inherent tendency of a certain people in the debate to set up as an infallible rule that it is always, in every circumstance, not honoring to God, for a woman to wear a bikini. This claim is, properly understood; the same as saying that it is a sin to wear a bikini. This is a disturbing claim because it is the same thing that the Pharisees were doing in Israel; Laying down as a law, not something that was explicitly commanded by God, nor implied by anything God said, but, a personal opinion on a subject. Typically this practice is known as legalism. The subject in question is the subject of modesty.
            There is another disturbing tendency that I hav…

LEIBNIZ ON POSSIBLE WORLDS AND THE PROBLEM OF EVIL

One of the most well-known doctrines of Leibniz is the doctrine of possible worlds. It is essential to understanding Leibniz’s system. Furthermore, everyone is familiar with his book Theodicy in which he attempts to demonstrate that this world in which we live is the best of all possible worlds, in spite of the evil that we cannot escape. He attempts to solve, in this book, the problem of evil. The problem of evil is, essentially, how could an all-knowing, omnibenevolent, all-powerful God create a world in which there is evil of all kinds. Eleonore Stump, who recently published what is probably the most important modern work on the problem of evil, explains that “It has become customary to divide evil into natural evil and moral evil...But so-called natural evil would not raise the problem of evil if there were no sentient creatures who suffered from hurricanes, viruses, and the rest. It is the fact of suffering, not its origin, that raises the problem of evil in connecti…