Showing posts from September, 2012

An argument from science to the existence of universals

Been working, all day, on a paper about Universals. I have been examinig the following argument which is made by at least 2 relatively unknown medieval philosophers, and, a similar argument by Albert the Great. It looks like this:

1. There is no scientific knowledge of non-existing things.
2. All scientific knowledge is of universals.
3. Therefore universals are existing things.

I think that a better argument, which would prove essentially the same thing, would be.

1. All scientific knowledge is of universals.
2. Universals do not exist.
3. Therefore all scientific knowledge is of things that do not exist.
Therefore, either 2 is wrong or 1 is wrong.
Scientific Knowledge is certain knowledge based upon rational inference (valid inductive or deductive syllogistic demonstrations - see Aquinas's commentary on Aristotle's Posteriora Analytica.). All demonstration begin with universals.( see Aristole's Priora Analytica) Therefore 1 is true. Therefore either 2 is false or all sci…

Aristotle on Substance: A Chart based on the Categories

This chart is based entirely on what Aristotle says about substance in his book Categories. There is so much more that might be said about substance. The purpose of this chart is to be an aid in understanding the Aristotelian notions of substance, primary substance and secondary substance.

      I tried to upload it as a pdf file, and to copy and paste it in from Microsoft word, but I couldn't figure out how to do either of these functions, so, I uploaded it as a picture. If you find it useful, and would like a pdf copy of it, let me know. All the page numbers refer to The Basic Works of Aristotle, edited by Richard McKeon.


From God to Us : How We God Our Bible. Revised and Expanded. Norman Geisler & William E. Nix. Moody Publishers, 2012. 412pp. $21.99. ISBN 978-0-8024-2882-0.
            The back cover of the newly revised version of From God to Us, by Geisler and Nix, says that this book is ideal for professors, pastors and bible students. It becomes clear, when one flips through the many charts, pictures, and indices, that this book was written with the purpose of serving as a complete resource for any person who deals with subjects concerned with the origin, compilation, and transmission of the Bible. We will begin with a brief overview of the book, followed by a critical examination of some of its contents.
From God to Us is divided into four main sections: (1) The Inspiration of the Bible, (2) The Canonization of the Bible, (3) The Transmission of the Bible, and (4) The Translation of the Bible. In each of these sections Geisler and Nix seek to expound and defend a conservative protestant view o…

Le Langage et la Préservation de la Culture

La Charte de la Langue Française nous explique que la raisonne pour lequel la française est « la langue de l'État et de la Loi aussi bien que la langue normale et habituelle du travail, de l'enseignement, des communications, du commerce et des affaires »[2] est que « la langue française permet au peuple québécois d'exprimer son identité. »[3] Ce qui est implicite dans la raison qu’on nous donne pour la loi 101 est l’idée que la langue française est primordiale pour la préservation de la culture (voir « identité » dans la citation ci-haut) Québécoise. Dans ce léger pensée je veux simplement noter comment cet argument peut être décortiqué logiquement, et j’aimerais suggérer que l’argument est faux. Plus précisément j’aimerais suggérer que la loi 101 ne fais rien pour préserver la culture Québécoise, et que les parties politique qui sont la plus passionné pour la préservation de la culture Q…


The purpose of this short essay is to attempt to explain the place that a Christian is supposed to take in society. Many Christians seem tempted to latch on to the notion that we are not of this world, or that our citizenship is in heaven, as an excuse to escape all political responsibility. Others excuse themselves from all public forums, elections and activities by arguing that our purpose, as Christians, is not to be involved socially but to preach the Gospel. However, as I will argue here, it seems that the Bible teaches that Christians should be active members of society. Though our citizenship is, ultimately, in heaven, and though we are not of this world, and though we should be actively preaching the gospel, we are still in the world and are to be active members of the earthly society in which we find ourselves.[1] Our commission, to go into the entire world and preach the gospel does not mean that we are freed from all responsibilities to be active members of soci…