The following link leads to the amazon website for the book "Methodical Realism" by Étienne Gilson. This is a book to buy, read, and re-read. I would highly suggest that everyone get ahold of this book.
Immanuel Kant, presented with the extreme empiricism of Hume and the
extreme rationalism of Liebniz, which he discovered through the writings Wolff,
sought to take a middle road between these two extreme philosophical positions.
I would submit that Kant’s synthesis of these two views leads to an agnosticism
about what Kant called “the thing-in-itself”, and ultimately to the
philosophical positions known as Atheism, determinism, and nihilism.
Kant’s Sources First of all, Kant was influenced by Hume’s empiricism and Newton’s
physics. He saw that the physical sciences, in contrast to rationalistic
metaphysics, were actually making advances. They were making discoveries, and
building a system of knowledge that accurately described the world of our sense
perceptions. Rationalistic metaphysics, on the other hand, was floundering
amidst the combating systems that the philosophers were erecting. It did not
provide new knowledge, and only led to unacceptable conclusions, such as the
CHARLES TAYLOR’S THE MALAISE OF MODERNITY
simply an outline of Taylor’s basic argument in this short work written by
Charles Taylor. The idea of this outline is to help the reader understand the book
by providing a simple outline of the basic argument that Taylor is presenting
here. The book, which is essentially the manuscript is the fruit of a series of
presentations that Taylor made at the Massey Conferences which are hosted by
Massey College and Radio-Canada, is divided into 10 chapters. In the first
chapter Taylor essentially proposes three causes (recognizing that there may be
more) of the Malaise of Modernity: (1) Individualism or the Loss of Sense, (2)
The Primacy of Instrumental Reason or the Loss of Ends, and (3) The effect on
society and politics in general of the loss of sense to an inauthentic
individualism and the domination of instrumental reason, or, the loss of true
freedom. Taylor considers the first Malaise in chapters 2 to 8, the second in
The Basis of Culture & the Philosophical Act.
Josef Pieper. Translated by Alexander Dru. 1963. Reprint, Ignatius Press, 2009.
143 pp. $12.99. ISBN 978-1-58617-256-5. This
book is composed of two articles written by the German philosopher Josef
Pieper. Though the two articles are intimately connected, they form two
distinct works; as such, this book review will begin by giving a brief introduction
to the works in question, followed by and exposition of each of the works
individually. The two articles that are included in this book, Leisure: the Basis of Culture and The Philosophical Act, were both
published in 1947, and, as such, were written during the cultural crisis in
Germany that followed the Second World War. Not only did Pieper have the
cultural crisis in mind when he wrote these articles, but he was also writing
in light of the works of the most well-known German philosopher of the time –
Martin Heidegger. As such, any reader who is familiar with Heidegg…