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Showing posts from July, 2011

Une Pensée sur la Gouvernance de L'église - Réponse au Questions

J'avais reçu plusieurs questions après que j'ai publier ma première réflexion à ce sujet. Dans ce publication de blogue nous allons regarder chaque question. J’ai marqué les questions en italique et les réponses en texte normal.
Tite 1. 5 Quelles étaient les instructions de Paul? Tite était-il lui-même ancien? Nous ne savons pas si Tite était un ancien, mais ceci n’a pas d’importance dans la discussion sur comment un ancien devrait être mis en place. Ce que nous voyons, au commencement de l’église ancienne, c’est que Paul établissait, à chaque endroit où il allait, des anciens qui étaient chargés de la santé spirituelle de l’église en question (Actes 14 :23). Dans l’épître à Tite, nous voyons que Paul, qui était allé à Crête, n’avait pas le temps d’établir des anciens, alors il a écrit à Tite, qui avait été laissé à Crête pour finir les tâches nécessaires à la santé de l’église, pour lui dire comment établir l’église. Une des tâches principales était, donc, d’instaurer des ancie…

La Recherche d’une Fondation pour des Décisions Morales

Dernièrement, j'ai lu un article que quelqu'un avait publié sur Facebook, qui a été écrit en réaction au verdict du procès de Guy Turcotte. Écrit par Stéphane Laporte, l'article s’intitule "La vie ne vaut rien". Je vous encourage à lire cet article qui se trouve sur cyber presse.ca. Une des questions qui ressort de cet article est: "Existe-t-il une fondation sur laquelle nous pouvons baser nos actions?" C'est-à-dire, comment est-ce possible que dans notre société on puisse  applaudir le mal et ridiculiser (même parfois, culpabiliser) le bon. Comment a-t-on pu se rendre à ce point et comment est-ce qu’on peut s’en sortir vivant? Il dit ceci: "Les questions fondamentales, on ne se les pose jamais, tellement on est pris par l'économie, la politique, le sport et les vedettes...Il y a quelque chose de pourri au royaume des humains et j'ai bien peur que ce soit notre âme."[1] Ce sont là des questions que nous nous posons présentement.
Dan…

What it Means to Be a Human Person – Part 13 - The Thomistic Definition of Matter

Interestingly enough, the Thomist agrees, in principle, with at least one claim of the Naturalist. In this sense, Thomism is a Christian Naturalism. The Thomist would agree that matter is a basic, substantial, principle of all sensible, material, entities. We saw in a previous post that, for the hylomorphist, matter is one of two principles out of which all material, sensible, things are composed. Though the Naturalist attempts to claim that matter is atoms, or, whatever the natural sciences claim is most basic, the Thomist recognizes that these descriptions do not define what matter is. Rather, an atom, or, whatever seems to be most basic according to the natural sciences at any given time, is simply another form of matter; and this way of explaining it leads us into the Thomistic explanation of matter.
In his short treatise De Principiis Naturae Aquinas explains what he considers to be the basic principles from which all material things spring. He begins by pointing out what seems to…

What it Means to Be a Human Person – Part 12 - Naturalisms “Matter” is Void of Content

Is it possible that matter is what Naturalists say that it is? As soon as we allow for the possibility that matter is just that, atoms, protons, neutrons, electrons or energy, we run into problems.
First of all, giving a description of the physical characteristics of something does not tell you what it is. If I ask you to tell me what a refrigerator is, and all you give me are its accidental characteristics: it is hard, has handles, drawers and tablets, is rectangular, and black, white or metallic; you still have not told me what a refrigerator is. Your description may fit a certain number of refrigerators, but it does not describe, very well, the types of refrigerators that you find in hotels and big restaurants (walk-in-refrigerators), or the type of refrigerators that you find in dorms, hotel rooms and personal bars (compact refrigerators). There seems to be more to “being a refrigerator” than its “physical description.” The physical description is true, it is part of what it means …

What it Means to Be a Human Person – Part 11 - Defining Matter

In order to understand hylomorphism we need to understand what matter is. However, the term "matter" has been hijacked by modern Naturalists and Materialists. In the next couple blog posts we will look at the concept of matter so as to come to a better understanding of what it means to be human. We embarked upon this journey in order to discover the foundations upon which moral theory will be based. We began by saying that before we can talk about what is right or wrong for humans to do, we need to know what humans are. For example, in order to determine whether or not a certain electronic device is supposed to perform task A or task B we must first determine what kind of electronic device it is, what sets it apart from other electronic devices, and what it's primary purpose is. We will now turn to the question of matter to help us understand what we mean when we talk about a form/ matter composite.
              In order to interact with Naturalists and Mater…

What it Means to Be a Human Person – Part 10 – Hylomorphism

The Aristotelian, and the Thomist, recognizes a little bit of truth in the Platonist account of change, a little bit of truth in the Naturalist account of change, as well as a little bit of error on each side. The Thomistic or Aristotelian Philosopher, therefore, sits in the middle and responds to the problem of change by claiming that change is real; but, that there is something that persists through change, and maintains the identity of the thing in question. That which persists through the change, in order for us to be able to know it, must be in the changing thing. If it is not in the thing itself, then we can have no knowledge because every time we think that we know the thing in question,  it has once again changed and is totally different. We are material beings, and are dependant on our senses in order to gain knowledge of the mind-exterior world. Our knowledge, however, is not restricted to that knowledge which we gain through our senses; we are also capable of deduc…